The objective of the agreement is to reduce the global warming described in Article 2 and to improve the implementation of the UNFCCC by: by jointly committing in recent decades to slowing global warming. However, despite increased diplomacy, the world may soon face the devastating consequences of climate change. William Nordhaus of Yale University writes for foreign affairs and thinks about how to remedy the failure of the world`s climate efforts. The EU is already well ahead of its climate targets and has reduced its emissions by 23% compared to 1990. The Paris Agreement has an “upward” structure unlike most international environmental treaties, which are “top down”, characterized by internationally defined standards and objectives that states must implement.  Unlike its predecessor, the Kyoto Protocol, which sets legal commitment targets, the Paris Agreement, which focuses on consensual training, allows for voluntary and national objectives.  Specific climate targets are therefore politically promoted and not legally binding. Only the processes governing reporting and revision of these objectives are imposed by international law. This structure is particularly noteworthy for the United States – in the absence of legal mitigation or funding objectives, the agreement is seen as an “executive agreement, not a treaty.” Since the 1992 UNFCCC treaty was approved by the Senate, this new agreement does not require further legislation from Congress for it to enter into force.  The timely implementation of the EU climate and energy framework on time 2030 was seen as an important sign of the EU`s commitment to the paris agreement goals.
Ministers also stressed the importance of swift ratification of the agreement. At the Environment Council meeting, ministers discussed the follow-up to the Paris agreement on climate change and its impact on EU climate policy. The Council adopted conclusions on climate change after the U.S. government decided to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. In its conclusions, the Council deplores the decision of the United States Government to withdraw from the Paris Agreement and welcomes the strong commitments made by other countries. These rules of transparency and accountability are similar to those set out in other international agreements. Although the system does not include financial sanctions, the requirements are intended to easily monitor the progress of individual nations and promote a sense of overall group pressure, discouraging any towing of feet among countries that might consider it. National communication reports often cover several hundred pages and cover a country`s actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as a description of its weaknesses and effects of climate change.  National communications are established in accordance with guidelines adopted by the UNFCCC Conference of Parties.