The front page of the Independent, which made the front page of the 1998 agreement, is due to the fact that the Good Friday Agreement created complex agreements between the various parties. The three areas of action of the pact have created a network of institutions to govern Northern Ireland (Strand One), bring together the heads of state and government in Northern Ireland with those of Ireland (Strand Two or North-South Cooperation) and bring together heads of state and government from across the United Kingdom and Ireland (Beach 3 or East-West). There are currently more than 140 areas in Northern Ireland-Republic of Ireland, cross-border cooperation, including health services, energy infrastructure and police work. Many experts and political leaders fear that any disruption of this cooperation could undermine confidence in the agreement and hence the basis for peace in Northern Ireland. The agreement established three new institutions: the agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments, as well as eight northern Ireland political parties or groups. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the early 20th century, and two small parties linked to loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (linked to the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). Two of them have been widely described as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican party affiliated with the Provisional Republican Army.   Apart from these rival traditions, there were two other assemblies, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S.
President Bill Clinton to chair the talks between parties and groups.  These themes – parades, flags and legacy of the past – were negotiated in 2013 under the chairmanship of Richard N. Haass, President of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Meghan L. O`Sullivan, a professor at Harvard Kennedy School and now on the BOARD of directors of the CFR. The talks involving the five main political parties were not agreed upon, although many of these proposals – including the creation of a historic investigation unit to investigate unsolved deaths during the conflict and a commission to help victims obtain information about the deaths of their loved ones – were a large part of the Stormont House agreement reached in 2014. It is essential that the agreement obliges the parties to adopt democratic and peaceful methods to resolve political issues, to use their influence to end paramilitary groups and to normalise security measures in Northern Ireland. The agreement came after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises. A lot of people have made a great contribution. Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were the leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland at the time. The presidency was chaired by U.S. Special Envoy George Mitchell.  In an important compromise, the parties agreed on measures to promote the Irish language, which trade unionists have long opposed to the fear that it will elevate nationalist and republican culture to the detriment of their own.