Separate annexes for medical devices and cosmetics contain guidelines for the technical requirements of these industries. These annexes have many common themes, such as measures. B to avoid unnecessary duplication in licensing procedures. The annexes encourage both Australia and Singapore to consider international standards, recommendations and guidelines when defining the technical requirements that need to be defined. In addition, the two countries have agreed on commodity authorizations for safety data, quality, design and product quality information. Negotiations for SAFTA began in 2002 and the agreement was signed in 2003. However, several updates and adjustments have been made since the signing of the agreement. In 2011, amendments were made to clarify some of the differences in the agreement. These amendments have allowed investors in both countries to receive fair and equitable treatment by investing in the other and to amend the legislation of both countries resulting from each country`s bilateral free trade agreements with the United States. In addition to existing duty-free products, the updated rules of origin will simplify management and reduce compliance costs for operators using the agreement. SAFTA updates have also had a significant impact on services exports to Australia, with Singapore being the fifth destination. Educational services from Australia, their third largest export, are an option that is increasingly popular with Singapore students and is positively influenced by SAFTA updates. Due to the strong Singapore dollar and Australia`s large Asian population, more and more students are travelling to Australia to study.
SAFTA will also reduce the administrative burden on investors in Singapore, Australia`s fifth largest source of foreign investment, by harmonizing the Foreign Investment Review Board`s screening thresholds for Singapore with the thresholds agreed under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement for the Foreign Investment Review Board. Singapore is Australia`s largest trading partner in Southeast Asia and the Singapore-Australia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) has made much of that success. SAFTA has not only abolished tariffs, but has also improved market access for Australia`s major exports in sectors such as education, green technologies and telecommunications. SAFTA offers a wide range of Australian exporters greater opportunities in goods and services, further strengthens trade and investment relations, eliminates Singapore tariffs and offers Australian companies cheaper inputs for a number of products. SAFTA has also been updated to establish a comprehensive schedule of product-specific rules of origin to simplify management and reduce compliance costs for distributors under the agreement. This update is much simpler than the original 50 percent content rule used in SAFTA, which means that 50 percent of the value of the products must be added either in Australia or Singapore to get preferential treatment. This method of rules of origin was very complex and required a detailed assessment of production costs and sources of production. This method was also very costly for businesses, as it often required sophisticated accounting systems and the ability to solve complex accounting issues. SAFTA updates have had a significant impact on product exports, including spirit drinks and health and cosmetic products, as well as exporters of medical/cosmetics and cosmetics products.